CBD Oil Production Techniques
How is CBD Oil made from start to end?
After the legalisation of cultivation of hemp in various parts of the world, there are widespread discussions about how the medicinal properties of CBD oil are curing people of varied illnesses. The usage of CBD Oil made its breakthrough in the medicinal world after Dr Sanjay Gupta investigated the cannabinoid ability to treat children with epilepsy.
CBD Oil is derived from a strain of cannabis, called hemp. Earlier, people had apprehensions about this product but now with widespread media coverage and its applications, usage has become common. Earlier, it was used to only treat very grave medical cases. However, increasing its appeal for the general public is on an increase as well
The CBD Oil Market has opened doors to many producers; and due to very few restrictions, not all products are fit for consumption. We will be shedding light on the production process of the Oil for you to understand how they are made:
Production Process of CBD Oil:
There are various ways of extracting CBD from any variety of cannabis. If the plant contains only CBD (like industrial hemp or a high-CBD cannabis strain); then there are various extraction methods that can be employed which are very simple and require little equipment.
However, the most common methods use a solvent. The solvent can either be a liquid solvent, CO2, or an oil solvent, If the plant material contains THC as well as CBD (such as smokable cannabis), then the process to separate CBD from other cannabinoid is more complex and requires professional equipment.
What is CBD Oil derived from?
It is derived from the flowers of cannabis plants and is concentrated in its resin glands or trichomes. Resin glands contain oil which is rich in CBD and varies in quality and quantity between varying strains of the cannabis plant. The CBD available in the flower is purified and concentrated using meticulous production techniques. When oil of high potency and concentration is derived from the glands, it can be used in lesser dosage. This saves money as CBD oil is an expensive product but also produces the desired effect.
Since the oil is a liquid, it can be consumed orally without smoking and can be easily employed to ailing children and adults as medication. Though hemp plant is widely used for many industrial products and also as biofuel; the seeds and flowers of the plant are used to produce oil that is an active ingredient in several medical therapies for humans and animals.
Selecting the appropriate cannabis genetics:
The first step is selecting the appropriate cannabis genetics. Whether one is creating CBD oil from marijuana or hemp plants, selecting a strain that is naturally high in CBD is vital.
The plant material is required to soak in a solvent, such as grain alcohol. Once the material soaks, the remaining liquid is full of CBD (and other cannabinoids), you evaporate the solvent and the remaining oil is ready for consumption. There are many benefits of this method — it is the most simple, equipment-free, and inexpensive way to extract oil, but not without its pitfalls. One concern is that solvents leave a few traces of impurities in the finished CBD oil (meticulous processing methods and the right solvent can minimize this). Some liquid solvents remove chlorophyll from the plant along with cannabinoid and flavours and end up giving the finished product a greener colour and a bitter taste.
While performing the extraction, the solid C02 from the first chamber is pumped into the second with the plant material. Then, the second chamber is kept at a pressure and temperature which causes the C02 to behave more like a liquid. This is done so that it runs through the plant material and extracts chemicals and flavours, much like in the liquid solvent process. Lastly, the mixture of C02 and cannabinoid is pumped into a third chamber where it is kept at an even lower pressure and higher temperature so that the C02 gas rises to the top of the chamber while the oils containing chemicals and flavours from the plant material fall to the bottom to be collected for consumption.
There are various benefits of using this method. Most importantly, it is not a very time-taking process and there is minimal risk of contaminants in the finished product.
Since this method carefully controls the temperature and pressure, it can also be used to separate CBD from cannabis that contains THC.
First, the raw plant material is heated to a specific temperature for a certain length of time to activate the chemicals that are contained in the plant. Then, the Plant material is added to olive oil and the mixture is heated to 100°C for 1-2 hours to extract the cannabinoid. The olive oil cannot be evaporated away after the process and is also highly perishable; Hence, it must be stored in cold, dark place.
The above point it unviable for commercial CBD producers, but a simple, safe, and cheap option for individual enthusiasts.
These are not the only methods for extracting CBD from cannabis that exists today, but they are certainly the most popular today. But extracting CBD is only part of making CBD oil.
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